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Reptiles

Reptiles



Indian Cobra

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It is famous for its threat display where in it raises the front of its body spreading it like a hood.

Range: They found throughout the Indian Sub continent India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Srilanka except Arid deserts.

Habitat: Thick forests, marshes, open cultivated lands and old buildings etc.

Diet: They feed on rodents, toads, frogs, birds and snakes.

Body length: 183 cm to 244 cm.

Longevity : 10 to 20 years.

Egg laying: April to July, cluth size is 8 to 45 eggs.

Incubation period : 48 to 69 days

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Indian Rock Python

It is very lethargic and slow moving animal. It can remain submerged in the water up to 30 mins.

Range: They found throughout India and Srilanka.

Habitat: Rain forests scrub forests, grasslands, swaps, marshes, rocky foothills, woodlands, mostly near permanent water sources.

Diet: They feed on birds, small mammals like rats, fawn of deer etc.

Body length: 366 cm to 750 cm.

Longevity : 20 years.

Egg laying: March to June

Incubation period : 48 to 69 days, cluth size is 8 to 100 eggs.

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Common Rat Snake

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It is very common in paddy fields and is a friend of farmer. It is very fast moving and quick to escape in danger. A very good swimmer.

Range: They are found throughout the country (India) including Andaman & Nicobar islands, Afghanistan, Bangladesh & Other south East Asian countries.

Habitat: Thick forests, marshes, open cultivated lands and particularly rice paddy fields.

Diet: Small mammals, frogs, toads, lizards, bird and also other snakes.

Body length: Average length : 1.65 m to 2m. Maximum length 3.50m. Males are longer than females.

Longevity : 11 years.

Egg laying: Varies as per climate, generally lays 6 – 14 eggs from August to September.

Incubation period : 2 to 3 months.

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Esturine Crocodile

Probably the largest among present day reptiles. Dark olive or brownish olive above interspersed with yellow which is distinctive of this species, some times with a brassy tinge.

Range: Entire west coast and east coast also in Andaman & Nicobar islands.

Habitat: Esturines of the large continental rivers, marine swamps and coastal (brackish) water lakes.

Diet: Mainly feed on Fish.

Body length: 5 to 7 mtrs.

Longevity : 100 years.

Nesting Season: Dry season April to May.

Clutch size: 10 to 97 eggs.

Weight: Average 4.5 mts long specimen wt up to 408 kgs.

Incubation period : 80 – 90 days.

Breeding life : 50 years.

Marsh Crocodile (Muggar) :

They are 23 species of crocodilians distributed in the world. They can go without food for long periods, even for months.

Range: They are found throughout India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Pakistan.

Habitat: These are found in Lakes, rivers, marshes and large water bodies.

Diet: Feeds on fish, other reptiles and mammals.

Body length: Adults 4 to 5 meters.

Life span : 70 years.

Nesting Season: February to April.

Clutch size : 8 to 45 eggs.

Weight : 100 to 200 kgs.

Incubation period : 55 to 75 days.

Breeding life : 50 years.

Gharial

There is only species of gharial in the world. It is the second-longest of all living crocodilians, after the salt water crocodile.

Range: They are found in the river systems of the Indus, Brahmaputra, Gangas, Mahanadi etc.

Habitat: It is a riverine species and prefers the calmer areas in the perennial deep fast moving rivers.

Diet: Adults feed on fish and young ones eat insects larvae, small frogs.

Body length: 5 to 7 meters.

Life span : 100 years.

Nesting Season: March to April.

Clutch size : 10 to 97 eggs.

Snout : Long, beak like, sharply demarcated from head.

Incubation period : 75 to 80 days.

Breeding life : 50 years.

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Tortoise

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Indian Star Tortoise

They are around 242 species of turtiles, of 35 are found in India. These are longest living reptiles, and live more than 100 years.

Range: They are found in the Indian subcontinent and Sri Lanka.

Habitat: Young one are more aqudie from adults which are semi terrestrial.

Diet: Feeds on grasses, fallen fruit, flowers and leaves of succulent plants.

Body length: Male : about 20cm. Female : about 30cm.

Life span : 30 to 35 years.

Clutch size : 2 to 6 clutches every year with 2 to 7 eggs per clutch.

Indian Pond Terrapin :

The terrapins are fresh water tortoises are houda helled forns within closed resemble land tortoises in upper rome.

Habitat: Young on are more aquatic from adults which are semi terrestrial.

Diet: The food is largely vegetarian and is known to feed on animal dropping.

Body length: Reported to reach a shell length of 220 mm more information is needed on the size attained by species.

Clutch size : 3 to 8 eggs.

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Common Indian Monitor Lizard

They are 3700 species of Lizards in the world, of which 165 are found in India, like house lizards, garden lizards, chameleon and skinks.

Range: They are found throughout India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.

Habitat: Ranging from evergreen forests to the deserts and also in the outskirts of villages.

Diet: Feed on small mammals, rats, birds, insects, eggs of birds and reptiles etc.

Body length: 155 to 175 cm with around 100 cm tail.

Life span : 15 years.

Clutch size : 7 to 30 eggs.

Activity : Diurnal. But more active in the mornings and the

evenings.

Incubation period : 2 months.

Water Monitor Lizard :

The water monitor lizard is the largest reptiles in the Indian Monitor Lizard.

Range: In Indian region it occurs in Orissa, Bengal, East India and Bangladesh, it also occurs in Sri Lanka and Andaman island.

Habitat: It is throughout at home in fresh as well as salt water.

Diet: Feed on cruston ceos and mollusus, it is fond of frog’s eggs.

Body length: Up to 2.5 meters.

Weight : Around 8 kgs.

Nesting Season : Breeds at the beginning of rainy season.

Clutch size : 25 to 30.

Incubation period : 8 to 9 months.